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Differences between revisions 9 and 22 (spanning 13 versions)
Revision 9 as of 2015-06-24 13:04:38
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Revision 22 as of 2017-06-16 12:46:41
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Deletions are marked like this. Additions are marked like this.
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[[#class_NodalPlane|NodalPlane]] |
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TODO Source time function used in moment-tensor inversion.
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'''SourceTimeFunction.decayTime''' (type float)

TODO
'''!SourceTimeFunction.decayTime''' (type float)

Source time function decay time.
Unit: s
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'''SourceTimeFunction.duration''' (type float)

TODO
'''!SourceTimeFunction.duration''' (type float)

Source time function duration.
Unit: s
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'''SourceTimeFunction.riseTime''' (type float)

TODO
'''!SourceTimeFunction.riseTime''' (type float)

Source time function rise time.
Unit: s
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'''SourceTimeFunction.type''' (type [[QuakeML2.0/BasicEventDescriptionTypesDiscussion#class_SourceTimeFunctionType|bedt:SourceTimeFunctionType]])

TODO
'''!SourceTimeFunction.type''' (type [[QuakeML2.0/BasicEventDescriptionTypesDiscussion#class_SourceTimeFunctionType|bedt:SourceTimeFunctionType]])

Type of source time function. Values can be taken from [[QuakeML2.0/BasicEventDescriptionTypesDiscussion#class_SourceTimeFunctionType|bedt:SourceTimeFunctionType]].
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TODO This class describes the nodal planes of a double-couple moment-tensor solution. The attribute '''preferredPlane'''
can be used to define which plane is the preferred one.
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'''NodalPlanes.nodalPlane1''' (type [[QuakeML2.0/BasicEventDescriptionTypesDiscussion#class_NodalPlane|bedt:NodalPlane]])

TODO
'''!NodalPlanes.nodalPlane1''' (type [[QuakeML2.0/BasicEventDescriptionTypesDiscussion#class_NodalPlane|bedt:NodalPlane]])

First nodal plane of double-couple moment tensor solution.
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'''NodalPlanes.nodalPlane2''' (type [[QuakeML2.0/BasicEventDescriptionTypesDiscussion#class_NodalPlane|bedt:NodalPlane]])

TODO
'''!NodalPlanes.nodalPlane2''' (type [[QuakeML2.0/BasicEventDescriptionTypesDiscussion#class_NodalPlane|bedt:NodalPlane]])

Second nodal plane of double-couple moment tensor solution.
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'''NodalPlanes.preferredPlane''' (type int)

TODO

----
''Discussion area: please fill in your comments below (between the horizontal lines) and tag with your user name and the date of your comment.<<BR>>
Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21''
----

    
'''!NodalPlanes.preferredPlane''' (type int)

Indicator for preferred nodal plane of moment tensor solution. It can take integer values 1 or 2.

----
''Discussion area: please fill in your comments below (between the horizontal lines) and tag with your user name and the date of your comment.<<BR>>
Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21''
----


[[#page_top|top of page]]
--------
<<Anchor(class_NodalPlane)>>

== NodalPlane [type] ==

This class describes a nodal plane using the attributes '''strike''', '''dip''', and '''rake'''. For a definition of the angles see
Aki and Richards (1980).

----
''Discussion area: please fill in your comments below (between the horizontal lines) and tag with your user name and the date of your comment.<<BR>>
Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21''
----


<<Anchor(attribute_NodalPlane.strike)>>
'''!NodalPlane.strike''' (type [[QuakeML2.0/CommonDiscussion#class_RealQuantity|co:RealQuantity]])

Strike angle of nodal plane.
Unit: deg

----
''Discussion area: please fill in your comments below (between the horizontal lines) and tag with your user name and the date of your comment.<<BR>>
Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21''
----


<<Anchor(attribute_NodalPlane.dip)>>
'''!NodalPlane.dip''' (type [[QuakeML2.0/CommonDiscussion#class_RealQuantity|co:RealQuantity]])

Dip angle of nodal plane.
Unit: deg

----
''Discussion area: please fill in your comments below (between the horizontal lines) and tag with your user name and the date of your comment.<<BR>>
Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21''
----


<<Anchor(attribute_NodalPlane.rake)>>
'''!NodalPlane.rake''' (type [[QuakeML2.0/CommonDiscussion#class_RealQuantity|co:RealQuantity]])

Rake angle of nodal plane.
Unit: deg

----
''Discussion area: please fill in your comments below (between the horizontal lines) and tag with your user name and the date of your comment.<<BR>>
Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21''
----

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TODO The ''!DataUsed'' class describes the type of data that has been used for a moment-tensor inversion.
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'''DataUsed.componentCount''' (type int)

TODO
'''!DataUsed.componentCount''' (type int)

Number of data components of the type given in '''waveType'''.
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'''DataUsed.longestPeriod''' (type float)

TODO
'''!DataUsed.longestPeriod''' (type float)

Longest period present in data.
Unit: s
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'''DataUsed.shortestPeriod''' (type float)

TODO
'''!DataUsed.shortestPeriod''' (type float)

Shortest period present in data.
Unit: s
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'''DataUsed.stationCount''' (type int)

TODO
'''!DataUsed.stationCount''' (type int)

Number of stations that have contributed data of the type given in '''waveType'''.
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'''DataUsed.waveType''' (type [[QuakeML2.0/BasicEventDescriptionTypesDiscussion#class_DataUsedWaveType|bedt:DataUsedWaveType]])

TODO
'''!DataUsed.waveType''' (type [[QuakeML2.0/BasicEventDescriptionTypesDiscussion#class_DataUsedWaveType|bedt:DataUsedWaveType]])

Type of waveform data. This can be one of the values given in [[QuakeML2.0/BasicEventDescriptionTypesDiscussion#class_DataUsedWaveType|bedt:DataUsedWaveType]].
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TODO This class describes an eigenvector of a moment tensor expressed in its principal-axes system. It uses the angles
'''azimuth''', '''plunge''', and the eigenvalue '''length'''.
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TODO Azimuth of eigenvector of moment tensor expressed in principal-axes system. Measured clockwise
from South-North direction at epicenter.
Unit: deg
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TODO Plunge of eigenvector of moment tensor expressed in principal-axes system. Measured against downward
vertical direction at epicenter.
Unit: deg
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TODO Eigenvalue of moment tensor expressed in principal-axes system.
Unit: Nm
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TODO The ''Tensor'' class represents the six moment-tensor elements Mrr, Mtt, Mpp, Mrt, Mrp, Mtp in the spherical
coordinate system defined by local upward vertical (r), North-South (t), and West-East (p) directions. See
Aki and Richards (1980) for conversions to other coordinate systems.
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TODO Moment-tensor element Mrr.
Unit: Nm
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TODO Moment-tensor element Mtt.
Unit: Nm
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TODO Moment-tensor element Mpp.
Unit: Nm
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TODO Moment-tensor element Mrt.
Unit: Nm
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TODO Moment-tensor element Mrp.
Unit: Nm
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TODO Moment-tensor element Mtp.
Unit: Nm
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TODO This class describes the principal axes of a double-couple moment tensor solution. '''tAxis''' and '''pAxis''' are required,
while '''nAxis''' is optional.
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'''PrincipalAxes.tAxis''' (type [[QuakeML2.0/BasicEventDescriptionTypesDiscussion#class_Axis|bedt:Axis]])

TODO
'''!PrincipalAxes.tAxis''' (type [[QuakeML2.0/BasicEventDescriptionTypesDiscussion#class_Axis|bedt:Axis]])

T (tension) axis of a double-couple moment tensor solution.
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'''PrincipalAxes.pAxis''' (type [[QuakeML2.0/BasicEventDescriptionTypesDiscussion#class_Axis|bedt:Axis]])

TODO
'''!PrincipalAxes.pAxis''' (type [[QuakeML2.0/BasicEventDescriptionTypesDiscussion#class_Axis|bedt:Axis]])

P (pressure) axis of a double-couple moment tensor solution.
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'''PrincipalAxes.nAxis''' (type [[QuakeML2.0/BasicEventDescriptionTypesDiscussion#class_Axis|bedt:Axis]])

TODO
'''!PrincipalAxes.nAxis''' (type [[QuakeML2.0/BasicEventDescriptionTypesDiscussion#class_Axis|bedt:Axis]])

N (neutral) axis of a double-couple moment tensor solution.
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TODO This class represents a description of the location uncertainty as a confidence ellipsoid with arbitrary orientation
in space. The orientation of a rigid body in three-dimensional Euclidean space can be described by three
parameters. We use the convention of Euler angles, which can be interpreted as a composition of three
elemental rotations (i.e., rotations around a single axis). In the special case of Euler angles we use here, the
angles are referred to as Tait-Bryan (or Cardan) angles. These angles may be familiar to the reader from their
application in flight dynamics, and are referred to as heading (yaw, \psi), elevation (attitude, pitch, \phi), and
bank (roll, \theta). For a definition of the angles, see the follwing figure (Tait-Bryan).

[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Euler_angles#/media/File:Taitbrianangles.svg|Tait-Bryan angles]]

Through the three elemental rotations, a Cartesian
system (x, y, z) centered at the epicenter, with the South-North direction x, the West-East direction y, and
the downward vertical direction z, is transferred into a different Cartesian system (X, Y , Z) centered on the
confidence ellipsoid. Here, X denotes the direction of the major axis, and Y denotes the direction of the minor
axis of the ellipsoid. Note that Figure (Tait-Bryan) can be interpreted as a hypothetical view from the interior of the Earth
to the inner face of a shell representing Earth’s surface.
The three Tait-Bryan rotations are performed as follows: (i) a rotation about the Z axis with angle \psi (heading,
or azimuth); (ii) a rotation about the Y axis with angle \phi (elevation, or plunge); and (iii) a rotation about the
X axis with angle \theta (bank). Note that in the case of Tait-Bryan angles, the rotations are performed about the
ellipsoid’s axes, not about the axes of the fixed (x, y, z) Cartesian system.

'''majorAxisPlunge''' corresponds to elevation (\phi), '''majorAxisAximuth''' corresponds to heading (\psi), and '''majorAxisRotation''' corresponds to bank (\theta).
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'''ConfidenceEllipsoid.semiMajorAxisLength''' (type float)

TODO
'''!ConfidenceEllipsoid.semiMajorAxisLength''' (type float)

Largest uncertainty, corresponding to the semi-major axis of the confidence ellipsoid.
Unit: m
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'''ConfidenceEllipsoid.semiMinorAxisLength''' (type float)

TODO
'''!ConfidenceEllipsoid.semiMinorAxisLength''' (type float)

Smallest uncertainty, corresponding to the semi-minor axis of the confidence ellipsoid.
Unit: m
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'''ConfidenceEllipsoid.semiIntermediateAxisLength''' (type float)

TODO
'''!ConfidenceEllipsoid.semiIntermediateAxisLength''' (type float)

Uncertainty in direction orthogonal to major and minor axes of the confidence
ellipsoid.
Unit: m
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'''ConfidenceEllipsoid.majorAxisPlunge''' (type float)

TODO
'''!ConfidenceEllipsoid.majorAxisPlunge''' (type float)

Plunge angle of major axis of confidence ellipsoid. Corresponds to Tait-Bryan angle \phi.
Unit: deg
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'''ConfidenceEllipsoid.majorAxisAzimuth''' (type float)

TODO
'''!ConfidenceEllipsoid.majorAxisAzimuth''' (type float)

Azimuth angle of major axis of confidence ellipsoid. Corresponds to Tait-Bryan angle \psi.
Unit: deg
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'''ConfidenceEllipsoid.majorAxisRotation''' (type float)

TODO
'''!ConfidenceEllipsoid.majorAxisRotation''' (type float)

This angle describes a rotation about the confidence ellipsoid’s major axis which is required
to define the direction of the ellipsoid’s minor axis. Corresponds to Tait-Bryan angle \theta.
Unit: deg
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TODO Free-form string with additional event description. This can be a well-known name, like
`1906 San Francisco Earthquake`. A number of categories can be given in '''type'''.
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'''EventDescription.text''' (type string)

TODO
'''!EventDescription.text''' (type string)

Free-form text with earthquake description.
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'''EventDescription.type''' (type [[QuakeML2.0/BasicEventDescriptionTypesDiscussion#class_EventDescriptionType|bedt:EventDescriptionType]])

TODO
'''!EventDescription.type''' (type [[QuakeML2.0/BasicEventDescriptionTypesDiscussion#class_EventDescriptionType|bedt:EventDescriptionType]])

Category of earthquake description. Values can be taken from [[QuakeML2.0/BasicEventDescriptionTypesDiscussion#class_EventDescriptionType|bedt:EventDescriptionType]].
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TODO

----
''Discussion area: please fill in your comments below (between the horizontal lines) and tag with your user name and the date of your comment.<<BR>>
Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21''
Describes the type of an event ([[http://www.isc.ac.uk/standards/event_types/event_types.pdf|Storchak et al. 2012]]). Allowed values are the following:

----
''I propose a new hierarchical classification scheme for QuakeML-BED v1.3. I think ANTHROPOGENIC_EVENT should not be a first-level class and can be omitted from the classification, since for most categories it is obvious whether they are natural or anthropogenic.

 * EARTHQUAKE
  * INDUCED_EARTHQUAKE
    * MINING_INDUCED
    * GEOTHERMAL_INDUCED
    * RESERVOIR_INDUCED
  * ICE_QUAKE

 * SURFACE_EVENT
  * EXPLOSION
   * QUARRY_BLAST
   * MINING_EXPLOSION
   * MILITARY_EXPLOSION (military training, or in armed conflicts)
   * NUCLEAR_EXPLOSION

  * IMPACT
   * METEORITE_IMPACT
   * STRUCTURE_COLLAPSE
   * AIRCRAFT_CRASH

  * SLIDE
   * LANDSLIDE
   * SNOWSLIDE

 * ATMOSPHERIC_EVENT
  * SONIC_BOOM
  * SONIC_BLAST (do we need both sonic boom and sonic blast?)
  * ACOUSTIC_NOISE (is this needed? is there more information than in only ATMOSPHERIC_EVENT?)
  * THUNDER

 * VOLCANIC_EVENT (sub-classification to be provided by Volcano community)

 * HYDROACOUSTIC_EVENT (is this needed? this category is different from all others because it only denotes the method that has been used to measure something-sound in water)
 
<<BR>>
FabianEuchner, 2017-16-16''

Discussion on package BasicEventDescriptionTypes

Quick navigation: go to package

Waveform | Common | StationCharacterization | SeismicSource | ResourceMetadata | Borehole | BasicEventDescription | SiteCharacterization | VSTypes | StrongMotion | BasicEventDescriptionTypes | Filter | Hydraulic |

In current package (BasicEventDescriptionTypes): go to class

SourceTimeFunction | NodalPlanes | NodalPlane | CompositeTime | DataUsed | Axis | OriginQuality | Phase | Tensor | PrincipalAxes | ConfidenceEllipsoid | EventDescription | MTInversionType | AmplitudeUnit | MomentTensorCategory | AmplitudeCategory | OriginUncertaintyDescription | DataUsedWaveType | PickPolarity | OriginType | OriginDepthType | EventTypeCertainty | EventType | PickOnset | SourceTimeFunctionType | EventDescriptionType |


BasicEventDescriptionTypes overview page

(!) BasicEventDescriptionTypes class diagram


SourceTimeFunction [type]

Source time function used in moment-tensor inversion.


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Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


SourceTimeFunction.decayTime (type float)

Source time function decay time. Unit: s


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Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


SourceTimeFunction.duration (type float)

Source time function duration. Unit: s


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Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


SourceTimeFunction.riseTime (type float)

Source time function rise time. Unit: s


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Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


SourceTimeFunction.type (type bedt:SourceTimeFunctionType)

Type of source time function. Values can be taken from bedt:SourceTimeFunctionType.


Discussion area: please fill in your comments below (between the horizontal lines) and tag with your user name and the date of your comment.
Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


top of page


NodalPlanes [type]

This class describes the nodal planes of a double-couple moment-tensor solution. The attribute preferredPlane can be used to define which plane is the preferred one.


Discussion area: please fill in your comments below (between the horizontal lines) and tag with your user name and the date of your comment.
Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


NodalPlanes.nodalPlane1 (type bedt:NodalPlane)

First nodal plane of double-couple moment tensor solution.


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Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


NodalPlanes.nodalPlane2 (type bedt:NodalPlane)

Second nodal plane of double-couple moment tensor solution.


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Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


NodalPlanes.preferredPlane (type int)

Indicator for preferred nodal plane of moment tensor solution. It can take integer values 1 or 2.


Discussion area: please fill in your comments below (between the horizontal lines) and tag with your user name and the date of your comment.
Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


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NodalPlane [type]

This class describes a nodal plane using the attributes strike, dip, and rake. For a definition of the angles see Aki and Richards (1980).


Discussion area: please fill in your comments below (between the horizontal lines) and tag with your user name and the date of your comment.
Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


NodalPlane.strike (type co:RealQuantity)

Strike angle of nodal plane. Unit: deg


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Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


NodalPlane.dip (type co:RealQuantity)

Dip angle of nodal plane. Unit: deg


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Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


NodalPlane.rake (type co:RealQuantity)

Rake angle of nodal plane. Unit: deg


Discussion area: please fill in your comments below (between the horizontal lines) and tag with your user name and the date of your comment.
Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


top of page


CompositeTime [type]

Focal times differ significantly in their precision. While focal times of instrumentally located earthquakes are estimated precisely down to seconds, historic events have only incomplete time descriptions. Sometimes, even contradictory information about the rupture time exist. The CompositeTime type allows for such complex descriptions. If the specification is given with no greater accuracy than days (i.e., no time components are given), the date refers to local time. However, if time components are given, they have to refer to UTC. As an example, consider a historic earthquake in California, e.g., on 28 February 1730, with no time information given. Expressed in UTC, this day extends from 1730-02-28T08:00:00Z until 1730-03-01T08:00:00Z. Such a specification would be against intuition. Therefore, for date-time specifications without time components, local time is used. In the example, the CompositeTime attributes are simply year 1730, month 2, and day 28. In the corresponding time attribute of the origin, however, UTC has to be used. If the unknown time components are assumed to be zero, the value is 1730-02-28T08:00:00Z.


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Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


CompositeTime.year (type co:IntegerQuantity)

Year or range of years of the event’s focal time.


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Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


CompositeTime.month (type co:IntegerQuantity)

Month or range of months of the event’s focal time.


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Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


CompositeTime.day (type co:IntegerQuantity)

Day or range of days of the event’s focal time.


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Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


CompositeTime.hour (type co:IntegerQuantity)

Hour or range of hours of the event’s focal time.


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Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


CompositeTime.minute (type co:IntegerQuantity)

Minute or range of minutes of the event’s focal time.


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Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


CompositeTime.second (type co:RealQuantity)

Second and fraction of seconds or range of seconds with fraction of the event’s focal time.


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Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


CompositeTime.calendar (type string)

TODO


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Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


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DataUsed [type]

The DataUsed class describes the type of data that has been used for a moment-tensor inversion.


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Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


DataUsed.componentCount (type int)

Number of data components of the type given in waveType.


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Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


DataUsed.longestPeriod (type float)

Longest period present in data. Unit: s


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Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


DataUsed.shortestPeriod (type float)

Shortest period present in data. Unit: s


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Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


DataUsed.stationCount (type int)

Number of stations that have contributed data of the type given in waveType.


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Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


DataUsed.waveType (type bedt:DataUsedWaveType)

Type of waveform data. This can be one of the values given in bedt:DataUsedWaveType.


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Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


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Axis [type]

This class describes an eigenvector of a moment tensor expressed in its principal-axes system. It uses the angles azimuth, plunge, and the eigenvalue length.


Discussion area: please fill in your comments below (between the horizontal lines) and tag with your user name and the date of your comment.
Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


Axis.azimuth (type co:RealQuantity)

Azimuth of eigenvector of moment tensor expressed in principal-axes system. Measured clockwise from South-North direction at epicenter. Unit: deg


Discussion area: please fill in your comments below (between the horizontal lines) and tag with your user name and the date of your comment.
Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


Axis.plunge (type co:RealQuantity)

Plunge of eigenvector of moment tensor expressed in principal-axes system. Measured against downward vertical direction at epicenter. Unit: deg


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Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


Axis.length (type co:RealQuantity)

Eigenvalue of moment tensor expressed in principal-axes system. Unit: Nm


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Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


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OriginQuality [type]

This type contains various attributes commonly used to describe the quality of an origin, e. g., errors, azimuthal coverage, etc. Origin objects have an optional attribute of the type OriginQuality.


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Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


OriginQuality.associatedPhaseCount (type int)

Number of associated phases, regardless of their use for origin computation.


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Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


OriginQuality.usedPhaseCount (type int)

Number of defining phases, i. e., phase observations that were actually used for computing the origin. Note that there may be more than one defining phase per station.


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Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


OriginQuality.associatedStationCount (type int)

Number of stations at which the event was observed.


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Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


OriginQuality.usedStationCount (type int)

Number of stations from which data was used for origin computation.


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Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


OriginQuality.depthPhaseCount (type int)

Number of depth phases (typically pP, sometimes sP) used in depth computation.


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Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


OriginQuality.standardError (type float)

RMS of the travel time residuals of the arrivals used for the origin computation. Unit: s


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Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


OriginQuality.azimuthalGap (type float)

Largest azimuthal gap in station distribution as seen from epicenter. For an illustration of azimuthal gap and secondary azimuthal gap (see below), see Fig. 5 of Bond´ar et al. (2004). Unit: deg


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Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


OriginQuality.secondaryAzimuthalGap (type float)

Secondary azimuthal gap in station distribution, i. e., the largest azimuthal gap a station closes. Unit: deg


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Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


OriginQuality.groundTruthLevel (type string)

String describing ground-truth level, e. g. GT0, GT5, etc. It has a maximum length of 32 characters.


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Example: FabianEuchner, 2014-10-21


OriginQuality.maximumDistance (type float)

Epicentral distance of station farthest from the epicenter. Unit: deg


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OriginQuality.minimumDistance (type float)

Epicentral distance of station closest to the epicenter. Unit: deg


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OriginQuality.medianDistance (type float)

Median epicentral distance of used stations. Unit: deg


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Phase [type]

Generic and extensible phase description that currently contains the phase code only.


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Phase.code (type string)

Phase code as given in the IASPEI Standard Seismic Phase List (Storchak et al. 2003). String with a maximum length of 32 characters.


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Tensor [type]

The Tensor class represents the six moment-tensor elements Mrr, Mtt, Mpp, Mrt, Mrp, Mtp in the spherical coordinate system defined by local upward vertical (r), North-South (t), and West-East (p) directions. See Aki and Richards (1980) for conversions to other coordinate systems.


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Tensor.Mrr (type co:RealQuantity)

Moment-tensor element Mrr. Unit: Nm


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Tensor.Mtt (type co:RealQuantity)

Moment-tensor element Mtt. Unit: Nm


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Tensor.Mpp (type co:RealQuantity)

Moment-tensor element Mpp. Unit: Nm


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Tensor.Mrt (type co:RealQuantity)

Moment-tensor element Mrt. Unit: Nm


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Tensor.Mrp (type co:RealQuantity)

Moment-tensor element Mrp. Unit: Nm


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Tensor.Mtp (type co:RealQuantity)

Moment-tensor element Mtp. Unit: Nm


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PrincipalAxes [type]

This class describes the principal axes of a double-couple moment tensor solution. tAxis and pAxis are required, while nAxis is optional.


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PrincipalAxes.tAxis (type bedt:Axis)

T (tension) axis of a double-couple moment tensor solution.


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PrincipalAxes.pAxis (type bedt:Axis)

P (pressure) axis of a double-couple moment tensor solution.


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PrincipalAxes.nAxis (type bedt:Axis)

N (neutral) axis of a double-couple moment tensor solution.


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ConfidenceEllipsoid [type]

This class represents a description of the location uncertainty as a confidence ellipsoid with arbitrary orientation in space. The orientation of a rigid body in three-dimensional Euclidean space can be described by three parameters. We use the convention of Euler angles, which can be interpreted as a composition of three elemental rotations (i.e., rotations around a single axis). In the special case of Euler angles we use here, the angles are referred to as Tait-Bryan (or Cardan) angles. These angles may be familiar to the reader from their application in flight dynamics, and are referred to as heading (yaw, \psi), elevation (attitude, pitch, \phi), and bank (roll, \theta). For a definition of the angles, see the follwing figure (Tait-Bryan).

Tait-Bryan angles

Through the three elemental rotations, a Cartesian system (x, y, z) centered at the epicenter, with the South-North direction x, the West-East direction y, and the downward vertical direction z, is transferred into a different Cartesian system (X, Y , Z) centered on the confidence ellipsoid. Here, X denotes the direction of the major axis, and Y denotes the direction of the minor axis of the ellipsoid. Note that Figure (Tait-Bryan) can be interpreted as a hypothetical view from the interior of the Earth to the inner face of a shell representing Earth’s surface. The three Tait-Bryan rotations are performed as follows: (i) a rotation about the Z axis with angle \psi (heading, or azimuth); (ii) a rotation about the Y axis with angle \phi (elevation, or plunge); and (iii) a rotation about the X axis with angle \theta (bank). Note that in the case of Tait-Bryan angles, the rotations are performed about the ellipsoid’s axes, not about the axes of the fixed (x, y, z) Cartesian system.

majorAxisPlunge corresponds to elevation (\phi), majorAxisAximuth corresponds to heading (\psi), and majorAxisRotation corresponds to bank (\theta).


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ConfidenceEllipsoid.semiMajorAxisLength (type float)

Largest uncertainty, corresponding to the semi-major axis of the confidence ellipsoid. Unit: m


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ConfidenceEllipsoid.semiMinorAxisLength (type float)

Smallest uncertainty, corresponding to the semi-minor axis of the confidence ellipsoid. Unit: m


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ConfidenceEllipsoid.semiIntermediateAxisLength (type float)

Uncertainty in direction orthogonal to major and minor axes of the confidence ellipsoid. Unit: m


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ConfidenceEllipsoid.majorAxisPlunge (type float)

Plunge angle of major axis of confidence ellipsoid. Corresponds to Tait-Bryan angle \phi. Unit: deg


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ConfidenceEllipsoid.majorAxisAzimuth (type float)

Azimuth angle of major axis of confidence ellipsoid. Corresponds to Tait-Bryan angle \psi. Unit: deg


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ConfidenceEllipsoid.majorAxisRotation (type float)

This angle describes a rotation about the confidence ellipsoid’s major axis which is required to define the direction of the ellipsoid’s minor axis. Corresponds to Tait-Bryan angle \theta. Unit: deg


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EventDescription [type]

Free-form string with additional event description. This can be a well-known name, like 1906 San Francisco Earthquake. A number of categories can be given in type.


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EventDescription.text (type string)

Free-form text with earthquake description.


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EventDescription.type (type bedt:EventDescriptionType)

Category of earthquake description. Values can be taken from bedt:EventDescriptionType.


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MTInversionType [enumeration]

TODO


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AmplitudeUnit [enumeration]

TODO


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MomentTensorCategory [enumeration]

TODO


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AmplitudeCategory [enumeration]

TODO


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OriginUncertaintyDescription [enumeration]

TODO


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DataUsedWaveType [enumeration]

TODO


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PickPolarity [enumeration]

TODO


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OriginType [enumeration]

TODO


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OriginDepthType [enumeration]

TODO


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EventTypeCertainty [enumeration]

TODO


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EventType [enumeration]

Describes the type of an event (Storchak et al. 2012). Allowed values are the following:


I propose a new hierarchical classification scheme for QuakeML-BED v1.3. I think ANTHROPOGENIC_EVENT should not be a first-level class and can be omitted from the classification, since for most categories it is obvious whether they are natural or anthropogenic.

  • EARTHQUAKE
    • INDUCED_EARTHQUAKE
      • MINING_INDUCED
      • GEOTHERMAL_INDUCED
      • RESERVOIR_INDUCED
    • ICE_QUAKE
  • SURFACE_EVENT
    • EXPLOSION
      • QUARRY_BLAST
      • MINING_EXPLOSION
      • MILITARY_EXPLOSION (military training, or in armed conflicts)
      • NUCLEAR_EXPLOSION
    • IMPACT
      • METEORITE_IMPACT
      • STRUCTURE_COLLAPSE
      • AIRCRAFT_CRASH
    • SLIDE
      • LANDSLIDE
      • SNOWSLIDE
  • ATMOSPHERIC_EVENT
    • SONIC_BOOM
    • SONIC_BLAST (do we need both sonic boom and sonic blast?)
    • ACOUSTIC_NOISE (is this needed? is there more information than in only ATMOSPHERIC_EVENT?)
    • THUNDER
  • VOLCANIC_EVENT (sub-classification to be provided by Volcano community)
  • HYDROACOUSTIC_EVENT (is this needed? this category is different from all others because it only denotes the method that has been used to measure something-sound in water)


FabianEuchner, 2017-16-16



PickOnset [enumeration]

TODO


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SourceTimeFunctionType [enumeration]

TODO


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EventDescriptionType [enumeration]

TODO


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